Citizenship Retention & Re-acquisition
Former Filipinos may re-acquire their Philippine citizenship through Republic Act
(RA) No. 9225 or the Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act. This law, which
took effect on 17 September 2003, declares that former natural-born Filipino citizens
who acquired foreign citizenship through naturalization are deemed not to have lost
their Philippine citizenship under conditions provided in the Act. A former Filipino
can re-acquire Philippine citizenship by taking the oath of allegiance to the Republic
of the Philippines.
Republic Act 9225 otherwise known as the Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition
Act of 2003 (more popularly known as the Dual Citizenship Law) enables former natural-born
Filipinos who have become naturalized citizens of another country to reacquire/retain
their Philippine citizenship by taking an oath of allegiance to the Republic of
the Philippines before a Philippine Consular Officer. Upon reacquiring their Philippine
citizenship, they shall enjoy full civil, economic and political rights as Filipinos.
Under the principle of derivative citizenship, unmarried children below eighteen
(18) years of age, whether legitimate, illegitimate, or adopted, of former Filipino
parents who reacquired their Philippine citizenship under this law, may also be
deemed Filipino citizens, if they are included in the parent’s application for reacquisition
of Philippine citizenship.